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Monday, April 23, 2012

Should you loan money to friends or family?

A number of years ago one of my clients came to me to ask my advice about loaning a significant amount of money to her daughter. The first question I asked was whether there was any chance that her daughter might not pay her back, to which she replied “oh there is every chance she won’t pay me back.”

I knew her financial position and knew that she couldn’t afford that risk, so told her to explain to her daughter that she wasn’t in a position to help out.

But there are cases where we are in a position to help, and at the end of the day, the only person who can decide if you want to loan a friend or family member money is you, but I do have some tips.

Questions to ask yourself:

1. Will you suffer financially, if the loan isn’t repaid. If the answer is yes, then my recommendation is to walk  away. You don’t want to put yourself into financial hardship because of somebody else’s money problems.

2. Will your relationship be damaged beyond repair if the loan isn’t repaid. If the answer is yes, then again, I recommend walking away. You don’t want to lose your relationship AND your money.

In the very few times I’ve loaned money, I have gone into the arrangement with the attitude that if I never saw the money again, I would live with it. If I can’t feel that way, then I just don’t do it.

3. How formal do you want the arrangement to be? If someone asks to borrow money from you, particularly if it’s what you consider to be a sizeable amount, then you have the right to expect a formalised written agreement. The written agreement should state the amount borrowed, any interest that may apply, payment terms (how much and how often), and the date the loan should be finalised.

I’d recommend having the agreement drawn up by a solicitor, and I personally believe that the person borrowing money should foot the cost of any fees.

4. Will you charge interest? And if so, at what rate?

Often loans between friends or family members are no interest, or low interest, and this is of course up to you. You may wish to apply a market rate of interest, particularly if you believe there’s a reasonable chance that you might not get your money back. Perhaps it’s unlikely that person will be able to get a loan from a bank or other lending institution, and would be more than happy to pay the market rate to obtain the capital

You do need to be aware that legally you have to declare all interest to the ATO, even if it’s a loan between friends or family.

5. If it’s not a formal written agreement, what are your terms? Even if you decide not to formalise the agreement, I do think you need to be clear on the terms. You terms might include a structured amount to be credited to your account each month, or a lump sum to be paid at the end of a certain period.

6. And once you’ve decided the terms, what happens if the terms aren’t met? At what point are you going
to start jumping up and down, or at least giving a little nudge? That’s probably something you should also agree upon from the start. And if the loan is never repaid – what are you going to do? If an agreement is in place, are you going to take legal action?

Probably the best advice I can offer is to be totally up-front right from the start. You may feel a little awkward, but if someone has had the courage to ask you for a loan, then setting the terms should definitely be your prerogative and should be expected. Some ideas for approaching this might include:

“This is a lot of money to me, and while I’m happy to loan it to you, I will need it to be repaid in monthly installments by July. Is that going to work for you?”

“I won’t need the money for the next twelve months, but after that I really do have plans for it. Will you be able to pay me back by September next year? And will you do that as a lump sum, or regular payments.”

“I’m happy to loan you some money, but I have to be honest I’ve seen some relationships turn really sour when money is involved, and I would hate that to happen to us. Would you be agreeable to formalising the arrangement so that we don’t have to worry about any of that?”

“If you happen to miss a payment, do you want me to give you a reminder straight away, or give you a few days in case it’s just slipped your mind?”

At the end of the day it comes down to personal circumstances and your relationship with the person needing a loan. Just make sure you consider the risks involved and what you need from the arrangement.

Talk soon,


Thursday, April 12, 2012

“Super” Disturbing

One of my clients recently received a letter from his industry super fund letting him know that they’d found some money in another super account (sometimes referred to as “lost super”).
They were offering to have the amount rolled over to their fund - all he had to do was sign and date a form they’d enclosed, and they’d do the rest.

The letter didn’t mention the amount of money involved, and it made no mention of insurance. And in no place did they suggest that they should speak to their adviser or in some way make sure it was an appropriate move for their circumstances.

Now it just so happened that we were in the process of increasing his insurance cover because of his increased debt levels. The amount that he has in his existing fund is enough to cover his additional needs. What makes this so important is that he actually has a pretty severe back condition. The extra insurance we were looking at was either going to be very expensive or was going to exclude back injuries.

Luckily this client found a statement from the old fund (not everyone would be that organised), and lo and behold what did we find? A fairly large existing insurance component in the old fund!

So essentially, the worst thing in the world he could have done from that perspective would have been to close the old account because it would have cancelled his insurance. As I mentioned earlier, the letter he received from his industry fund didn’t even suggest he should consider any insurance component which is completely irresponsible from an organisation that seriously ought to know better.

Now it was an industry fund in this case, but there have also been a number of retail superannuation managers advertising similar offers.

When deciding to rollover your super some of the very basic issues to consider include (at the very least):

- Fees

- Underlying investment options and exposure to unlisted assets

- Investment performance

- Independent research ratings

- What retirement streams are available and can they be transferred from
   superannuation phase to a retirement income stream without capital gains tax.

- Type of tax structure

- Insurance options

- Death Nominations

- Does the fund allow superannuation splitting – this might become very important if the
   government legislates contribution concessions for balances less than $500,000.

So the message is if you get a letter like the one my client received, don’t just think oh yeah that sounds easy, and sign the form. It may not be in your best interest.

Even if your super isn’t a huge priority for you now, it will be one day, so don’t make bad decisions now that might affect you later.

Talk soon,